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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2016 Jul 1;311(1):H44-53. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00793.2015. Epub 2016 May 3.

High-throughput drug profiling with voltage- and calcium-sensitive fluorescent probes in human iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes.

Author information

1
Laboratoire SERVIER de Chemogénétique, Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle, Hôpital de la Salpétrière, Paris, France; Pôle d'Expertise Biotechnologie, Chimie & Biologie, Institut de Recherches SERVIER, Croissy-sur-Seine, France stephane.bedut.vwr@servier.com.
2
Laboratoire SERVIER de Chemogénétique, Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle, Hôpital de la Salpétrière, Paris, France;
3
Pôle d'Expertise Biotechnologie, Chimie & Biologie, Institut de Recherches SERVIER, Croissy-sur-Seine, France.

Abstract

Cardiomyocytes derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) or induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are increasingly used for in vitro assays and represent an interesting opportunity to increase the data throughput for drug development. In this work, we describe a 96-well recording of synchronous electrical activities from spontaneously beating hiPSC-derived cardiomyocyte monolayers. The signal was obtained with a fast-imaging plate reader using a submillisecond-responding membrane potential recording assay, FluoVolt, based on a newly derived voltage-sensitive fluorescent dye. In our conditions, the toxicity of the dye was moderate and compatible with episodic recordings for >3 h. We show that the waveforms recorded from a whole well or from a single cell-sized zone are equivalent and make available critical functional parameters that are usually accessible only with gold standard techniques like intracellular microelectrode recording. This approach allows accurate identification of the electrophysiological effects of reference drugs on the different phases of the cardiac action potential as follows: fast depolarization (lidocaine), early repolarization (nifedipine, Bay K8644, and veratridine), late repolarization (dofetilide), and diastolic slow depolarization (ivabradine). Furthermore, the data generated with the FluoVolt dye can be pertinently complemented with a calcium-sensitive dye for deeper characterization of the pharmacological responses. In a semiautomated plate reader, the two probes used simultaneously in 96-well plates provide an easy and powerful multiparametric assay to rapidly and precisely evaluate the cardiotropic profile of compounds for drug discovery or cardiac safety.

KEYWORDS:

96-well plate; cardiomyocytes; cell signaling; induced pluripotent stem cells; membrane potentials

PMID:
27199128
DOI:
10.1152/ajpheart.00793.2015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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