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J Laryngol Otol. 2016 Jul;130(7):606-10. doi: 10.1017/S0022215116007969. Epub 2016 May 20.

Optimal outcomes for hearing preservation in the management of small vestibular schwannomas.

Author information

1
House Clinic,Los Angeles,California,USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To undertake a systematic review of the role of microsurgery, in relation to observation and stereotactic radiation, in the management of small vestibular schwannomas with serviceable hearing.

METHODS:

The Medline database was searched for publications that included the terms 'vestibular schwannoma' and/or 'acoustic neuroma', occurring in conjunction with 'hearing'. Articles were manually screened to identify those concerning vestibular schwannomas under 1.5 cm in greatest dimension. Thereafter, only publications discussing both pre-operative and post-operative hearing were considered.

RESULTS:

Twenty-six papers were identified. Observation is an acceptable strategy for small tumours with slow growth where hearing preservation is not a consideration. In contrast, microsurgery, including the middle fossa approach, may provide excellent hearing outcomes, particularly when a small tumour has begun to cause hearing loss. Immediate post-operative hearing usually predicts long-term hearing. Recent data on stereotactic radiation suggest long-term deterioration of hearing following definitive therapy.

CONCLUSION:

In patients under the age of 65 years with small vestibular schwannomas, microsurgery via the middle fossa approach offers durable preservation of hearing.

KEYWORDS:

Acoustic Neuroma; Hearing; Microsurgery; Middle Cranial Fossa; Radiosurgery; Vestibular Schwannoma

PMID:
27198728
DOI:
10.1017/S0022215116007969
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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