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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016 Sep;23(17):16977-86. doi: 10.1007/s11356-016-6866-z. Epub 2016 May 20.

Occurrence and change of estrogenic activity in the process of drinking water treatment and distribution.

Author information

1
Institute of Environmental Medicine, MOE Key Lab of Environment and Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China.
2
Institute of Environmental Medicine, MOE Key Lab of Environment and Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China. feitangtjmu@163.com.

Abstract

From 2010 to 2012, the Yangtze River and Hanjiang River (Wuhan section) were monitored for estrogenic activities during various water level periods. Using a recombinant yeast estrogen screen (YES) assay, 54 water samples were evaluated over the course of nine sampling campaigns. The mean 17β-estradiol equivalent (EEQ) value of raw water from the Yangtze River was 0-5.20 ng/L; and the EEQ level from the Hanjiang River was 0-3.22 ng/L. In Wuhan, drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs) using conventional treatments reduced estrogenic activities by more than 89 %. In general, water samples collected during the level period showed weaker estrogenic activities compared to those collected during the dry period. The samples collected in 2010 showed the strongest estrogenic activities of the 3-year period. The lack of correlations between estrogenic activities and selected common water quality parameters showed that estrogenic activity cannot be tied to common water quality parameters.

KEYWORDS:

Drinking water; Estrogenic activity; Hanjiang River; Surface water; Yangtze River; Yeast estrogen screen

PMID:
27197660
DOI:
10.1007/s11356-016-6866-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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