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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2016 Jul-Aug;54(4):490-03.

[Evolution of the type 2 diabetes mellitus epidemia in insured population at the IMSS].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
División de Medicina Familiar, Coordinación de Atención Integral de la Salud en Primer Nivel de Atención, Unidad de Atención Primaria de la Salud, Dirección de Prestaciones Médicas, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Ciudad de México, México. maria.velasco@imss.gob.mx.

Abstract

in English, Spanish, Spanish

BACKGROUND:

The global increase in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is requiering higher demands in health institutions; It is a global emergency because of overspending that threaten social security, and kidney complications and cardiovascular damage, which affects millions enfermos.1 The aim of this work is to characterize the epidemic of T2DM with metabolic syndrome and define the institutional response containment-control universal educational interventions healthy lifestyles to prevent premature death and disability from ischemic heart disease (IHD), cerebrovascular disease (CVD), end stage renal disease ( IRT), blindness and amputations.

METHODS:

A review of the years 1990-2013: Epidemiological Bulletin; consultation services: Family Medicine, Specialties, Emergency, Hospitalization, and prevention studies estimate of expenditure and institutional savings.

RESULTS:

48 % increase incidence, prevalence increased from 7 to 10.6 %, and mortality from 35.6 to 77.2 per 100 000 inhabitants. Hypertension, and deaths, and EVC CI, increased 58, 197, 142.5 % respectively. Consultations in 2013 were 9113 082. The estimate of expenditure for prediabetes screening and medical care to prevent complications saves near of 60 % of current expenditure.

CONCLUSIONS:

Control the epidemic by training patients, families and staff health healthy lifestyle is the treatment to revert to normal BMI, glucose, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, blood pressure and addictions to snuff / alcohol, to decelerate complications of the metabolic syndrome.

KEYWORDS:

Epidemics; Health promotion; Type 2 diabetes mellitus

PMID:
27197107
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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