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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2016 Jul-Aug;54(4):439-45.

[Diet and polymer standard vs. standard in the nutritional status of elderly patients with fragility].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

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Departamento de Educación, Hospital de Especialidades 14, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Veracruz, Veracruz, México.


in English, Spanish


The elderly patients with fragility show different physiological changes, so they are given polymeric diets to maintain and/or alter their nutritional status. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the effect of changing a standard polymeric diet and a standard diet on nutritional status in elderly patients with fragility.


Clinical randomized controlled trial in 23 elderly patients, 70 years of age or older, with fragility, hospitalized in a Internal Medicine Unity in a period from July to December 2014. Nutritional status was determined through Minimum Nutritional Consulting (MNA) and body mass index (BMI). Descriptive statistics, Chi square, Student t test and McNemar.


In the G1: 12 patients were in the G2 and 11, a positive change was observed in the nutritional status G1 initially being 14.00 (malnutrition) and end 22.75 (risk of malnutrition). According to BMI (kg/m2) was evident at the beginning 25 % of patients (3) with mild malnutrition, but the final results show figures with a zero percentage of malnourished patients.


The use of standard polymeric diet increases body weight, BMI and nutritional status in elderly patients with fragility.


Aged; Diet; Mexico; Nutritional status

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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