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Life Sci. 2016 Jul 1;156:15-20. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2016.05.020. Epub 2016 May 16.

Time course investigation of intervertebral disc degeneration in a rat-tail puncture model.

Author information

1
Institute of Traditional Medicine, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Orthopaedics, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.
2
Department of Orthopaedics, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Orthopaedics, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.
3
Department of Orthopaedics, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.
4
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Everan Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.
5
Department of Orthopaedics, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Orthopaedics, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.
6
Department of Orthopaedics, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Orthopaedics, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: tsuangyh@gmail.com.
7
Institute of Traditional Medicine, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Education and Research, Taipei City Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: thtsai@ym.edu.tw.

Abstract

AIMS:

Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration was believed to contribute to lower back pain. The aim of the study was to investigate the pathogenesis and regulatory mechanism of puncture-induced IVD degeneration.

MAIN METHODS:

We established a rat-tail puncture model using Kirschner wire and a homemade stopper. The progress of disc degeneration was evaluated by histological examination and the quantitative measurement of type I, type II collagen and other factors expression at 0.5, 1, 2, 6, and 12weeks after puncture and was compared with control rats of the same age.

KEY FINDINGS:

Histological examination and Safranin-O staining revealed progressive degeneration of the punctured disc. Matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP13) was increased at 1week after puncture but did not change in the control group. The interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) mRNA expression level was elevated at the acute stage after puncture compared with the control group. The hypoxia inducible factor 2 (HIF-2) increased expression in punctured groups. Additionally, compare to adjacent non-punctured segments, HIF-2α expression level transiently increased and then decreased in the nucleus pulposus immediately following puncture, and it then increased 12weeks after puncture.

SIGNIFICANCE:

The degenerative changes observed in this rat-tail puncture model are similar to human disc degeneration and that this model may be valuable for elucidating the molecular mechanisms and pathways underlying disc degeneration.

KEYWORDS:

HIF-2; Intervertebral disc degeneration; Nucleus pulposus; Rat-tail puncture model

PMID:
27197027
DOI:
10.1016/j.lfs.2016.05.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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