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Chembiochem. 2016 Aug 3;17(15):1391-8. doi: 10.1002/cbic.201600176. Epub 2016 Jun 30.

The Oxygen Dilemma: A Severe Challenge for the Application of Monooxygenases?

Author information

1
DECHEMA Research Institute, Theodor-Heuss-Allee 25, 60486, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
2
Department of Biotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 136, 2628BL, Delft, The Netherlands. f.hollmann@tudelft.nl.

Abstract

Monooxygenases are promising catalysts because they in principle enable the organic chemist to perform highly selective oxyfunctionalisation reactions that are otherwise difficult to achieve. For this, monooxygenases require reducing equivalents, to allow reductive activation of molecular oxygen at the enzymes' active sites. However, these reducing equivalents are often delivered to O2 either directly or via a reduced intermediate (uncoupling), yielding hazardous reactive oxygen species and wasting valuable reducing equivalents. The oxygen dilemma arises from monooxygenases' dependency on O2 and the undesired uncoupling reaction. With this contribution we hope to generate a general awareness of the oxygen dilemma and to discuss its nature and some promising solutions.

KEYWORDS:

biocatalysis; monooxygenases; oxidoreductases; oxyfunctionalization; uncoupling

PMID:
27194219
PMCID:
PMC5096067
DOI:
10.1002/cbic.201600176
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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