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Int J Public Health. 2016 Dec;61(9):995-1002. Epub 2016 May 18.

Impact of the Tunisian Revolution on homicide and suicide rates in Tunisia.

Author information

1
Faculty of Medicine, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia. benkhelilmehdi@yahoo.fr.
2
Department of Legal Medicine, Charles Nicolle Hospital, Tunis, Tunisia. benkhelilmehdi@yahoo.fr.
3
Faculty of Medicine, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia.
4
Department of Legal Medicine, Charles Nicolle Hospital, Tunis, Tunisia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To analyze the impact of the Tunisian Revolution on suicide and homicide patterns in Tunisia.

METHODS:

It is a retrospective, cross-sectional study, including all the cases of homicides and suicides that occurred during an 8-year period (2007-2014) in Northern Tunisia. We compared data before and after the revolution.

RESULTS:

After the revolution, the number of suicides rose 1.7 times, with a prevalence rising from 1.8 to 3.12 suicides per 100,000 persons per year. Homicides rose 1.3 times after the revolution. For both manner of death, victims were mostly males, aged between 20 and 39 years, living in urban areas. Hanging and self-immolation rose, respectively, 1.8 and 3 times after 2011. We observed suicide cases most frequently occurred in public places and in front of public administration after 2011. Homicide victims' profile and circumstances showed a single variation which is an increase in number of cases happening in rural areas.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results proved a short-term impact of the transition period on homicides and suicides. Urgent preventive measures are needed especially to decrease the suicide rates.

KEYWORDS:

Homicide; Media; Suicide; Tunisian revolution; Unemployment

PMID:
27193575
DOI:
10.1007/s00038-016-0834-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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