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PLoS One. 2016 May 18;11(5):e0154218. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0154218. eCollection 2016.

Spiclypeus shipporum gen. et sp. nov., a Boldly Audacious New Chasmosaurine Ceratopsid (Dinosauria: Ornithischia) from the Judith River Formation (Upper Cretaceous: Campanian) of Montana, USA.

Author information

1
Palaeobiology, Canadian Museum of Nature, PO Box 3443 Station "D", Ottawa, Ontario, K1P 6P4, Canada.
2
Independent Researcher, PO Box 1515, Appleton, Wisconsin, 54912, United States of America.
3
Black Hills Institute, 217 Main Street, Hill City, South Dakota, 57745, United States of America.
4
Kadlec Medical Center, 888 Swift Boulevard, Richland, Washington, 99352, United States of America.
5
Department of Natural History, Royal Ontario Museum, 100 Queen's Park, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2C6, Canada.

Abstract

This study reports on a new ceratopsid, Spiclypeus shipporum gen et sp. nov., from the lower Coal Ridge Member of the Judith River Formation in Montana, USA, which dates to ~76 Ma (upper Campanian). The species is distinguished by rugose dorsal contacts on the premaxillae for the nasals, laterally projecting postorbital horncores, fully fused and anteriorly curled P1 and P2 epiparietals, and a posterodorsally projecting P3 epiparietal. The holotype specimen is also notable for its pathological left squamosal and humerus, which show varied signs of osteomyelitis and osteoarthritis. Although the postorbital horncores of Spiclypeus closely resemble those of the contemporaneous 'Ceratops', the horncores of both genera are nevertheless indistinguishable from those of some other horned dinosaurs, including Albertaceratops and Kosmoceratops; 'Ceratops' is therefore maintained as a nomen dubium. Cladistic analysis recovers Spiclypeus as the sister taxon to the clade Vagaceratops + Kosmoceratops, and appears transitional in the morphology of its epiparietals. The discovery of Spiclypeus adds to the poorly known dinosaur fauna of the Judith River Formation, and suggests faunal turnover within the formation.

PMID:
27191389
PMCID:
PMC4871577
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0154218
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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