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J Youth Adolesc. 2016 Jul;45(7):1338-49. doi: 10.1007/s10964-016-0499-x. Epub 2016 May 17.

The Impact of African American Parents' Racial Discrimination Experiences and Perceived Neighborhood Cohesion on their Racial Socialization Practices.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, 20052, USA. fsaleem1@gwu.edu.
2
Department of Psychology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, 20052, USA.
3
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, 06269, USA.

Abstract

Parental racial socialization is a parenting tool used to prepare African American adolescents for managing racial stressors. While it is known that parents' racial discrimination experiences affect the racial socialization messages they provide, little is known about the influence of factors that promote supportive and communal parenting, such as perceived neighborhood cohesion. In cohesive neighborhoods, neighbors may help parents address racial discrimination by monitoring youth and conveying racial socialization messages; additionally, the effect of neighborhood cohesion on parents' racial socialization may differ for boys and girls because parents socialize adolescents about race differently based on expected encounters with racial discrimination. Therefore, the current study examines how parents' perception of neighborhood cohesion and adolescents' gender moderate associations between parents' racial discrimination experiences and the racial socialization messages they deliver to their adolescents. Participants were a community sample of 608 African American adolescents (54 % girls; mean age = 15.5) and their primary caregivers (86 % biological mothers; mean age = 42.0). Structural equation modeling indicated that parental racial discrimination was associated with more promotion of mistrust messages for boys and girls in communities with low neighborhood cohesion. In addition, parental racial discrimination was associated with more cultural socialization messages about racial pride and history for boys in neighborhoods with low neighborhood cohesion. The findings suggest that parents' racial socialization messages are influenced by their own racial discrimination experiences and the cohesiveness of the neighborhood; furthermore, the content of parental messages delivered varies based on adolescents' gender.

KEYWORDS:

Parenting practices; Racial discrimination; Racial socialization

PMID:
27189721
PMCID:
PMC5192560
DOI:
10.1007/s10964-016-0499-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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