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Methods Mol Biol. 2016;1435:103-13. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-3670-0_9.

In Vitro and In Vivo Blood-Brain Barrier Models to Study West Nile Virus Pathogenesis.

Author information

1
Department of Tropical Medicine, Medical Microbiology and Pharmacology, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 651 Ilalo Street, BSB 320G, Honolulu, HI, 96813, USA.
2
Pacific Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases Research, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 651 Ilalo Street, BSB 320G, Honolulu, HI, 96813, USA.
3
Department of Tropical Medicine, Medical Microbiology and Pharmacology, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 651 Ilalo Street, BSB 320G, Honolulu, HI, 96813, USA. nerurkar@hawaii.edu.
4
Pacific Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases Research, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 651 Ilalo Street, BSB 320G, Honolulu, HI, 96813, USA. nerurkar@hawaii.edu.

Abstract

The blood-brain barrier (BBB), a specialized interface between the peripheral blood circulation and the central nervous system, specifically regulates molecular and cellular flux between the two. It plays a critical role in the maintenance of brain hemostasis. The BBB restricts the entry of pathogens into the brain, and thus its permeability is a critical factor that determines their central effects. Once the permeability of BBB is compromised, it has serious implications in the etiology of many brain pathologies including West Nile virus (WNV) disease. In this chapter, we describe protocols for preparation, maintenance, infection and permeability measurement of monolayer and bilayer in vitro BBB models to study WNV pathogenesis. We also describe Evans blue dye assay, a well-established method to test vascular permeability in vivo after WNV infection.

KEYWORDS:

Blood–brain barrier; Transmigration; West Nile virus encephalitis

PMID:
27188553
PMCID:
PMC5502104
DOI:
10.1007/978-1-4939-3670-0_9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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