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Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2016;45(7):20160076. doi: 10.1259/dmfr.20160076. Epub 2016 Jun 8.

Automatic detection of osteoporosis based on hybrid genetic swarm fuzzy classifier approaches.

Author information

1
1 School of Electronics Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.
2
2 Department of Information Technology, Anna University Regional Campus, Coimbatore, India.
3
3 School of Computer Science and Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.
4
4 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
5
5 Graduate School of Engineering, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.
6
6 Faculty of Informatics, Kansai University, Osaka, Japan.
7
7 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study proposed a new automated screening system based on a hybrid genetic swarm fuzzy (GSF) classifier using digital dental panoramic radiographs to diagnose females with a low bone mineral density (BMD) or osteoporosis.

METHODS:

The geometrical attributes of both the mandibular cortical bone and trabecular bone were acquired using previously developed software. Designing an automated system for osteoporosis screening involved partitioning of the input attributes to generate an initial membership function (MF) and a rule set (RS), classification using a fuzzy inference system and optimization of the generated MF and RS using the genetic swarm algorithm. Fivefold cross-validation (5-FCV) was used to estimate the classification accuracy of the hybrid GSF classifier. The performance of the hybrid GSF classifier has been further compared with that of individual genetic algorithm and particle swarm optimization fuzzy classifiers.

RESULTS:

Proposed hybrid GSF classifier in identifying low BMD or osteoporosis at the lumbar spine and femoral neck BMD was evaluated. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the hybrid GSF with optimized MF and RS in identifying females with a low BMD were 95.3%, 94.7% and 96.01%, respectively, at the lumbar spine and 99.1%, 98.4% and 98.9%, respectively, at the femoral neck BMD. The diagnostic performance of the proposed system with femoral neck BMD was 0.986 with a confidence interval of 0.942-0.998. The highest mean accuracy using 5-FCV was 97.9% with femoral neck BMD.

CONCLUSIONS:

The combination of high accuracy along with its interpretation ability makes this proposed automatic system using hybrid GSF classifier capable of identifying a large proportion of undetected low BMD or osteoporosis at its early stage.

KEYWORDS:

computer-assisted image processing; osteoporosis; panoramic radiograph

PMID:
27186991
PMCID:
PMC5606255
DOI:
10.1259/dmfr.20160076
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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