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Int J Shoulder Surg. 2016 Apr-Jun;10(2):85-8. doi: 10.4103/0973-6042.180721.

Reconstruction of the elbow and forearm for Ewing sarcoma of ulna: A new biological technique.

Author information

1
Orthopaedic Oncology Services, Department of Surgical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

Primary bone tumors around the elbow represent <1% of all the skeletal tumors. Surgery with or without adjuvant therapy (radiotherapy, chemotherapy) is the treatment of choice for malignant tumors. Reconstruction of the elbow and forearm in malignant tumors is challenging as it involves a complex interplay between multiple joints which need to be stabilized for the optimal functional outcome. We describe a new technique for the reconstruction of the elbow after resection of a proximal ulna tumor with articular radio-ulnar synostosis with the creation of a single bone forearm. We attempted to achieve a mobile elbow and stable wrist joint with the radio-ulnar union at the proximal articular surface of the ulna resulting in a single bone forearm. The procedure involves an oblique osteotomy preserving the olecranon process (after taking adequate margins based on oncological principles) and its articular cartilage along with the attachment of the triceps tendon. Then the radial head was partially denuded of its cartilage using a burr, leaving cartilage only on the volar side, and then fused to the remnant olecranon. Osteosynthesis was done using compression screw and tension band wiring. The advantages of this procedure are that the mobility at wrist and elbow are retained, it requires minimal hardware and allows for primary closure of the wound.

KEYWORDS:

Biological reconstruction; Ewing sarcoma; elbow joint; osteosynthesis; single bone forearm; synostosis

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