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Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2016 Jun;71(2):129-36. doi: 10.1007/s11130-016-0550-9.

Binding, Antioxidant and Anti-proliferative Properties of Bioactive Compounds of Sweet Paprika (Capsicum annuum L.).

Author information

1
Jeonnam Bioindustry Foundation, Bio Control Research Center, Gokseong-Gun, 57510, South Korea.
2
Department of Horticulture Industry, College of Life Science and Resource, Wonkwang University, Iksan, 54538, South Korea.
3
Institute of Life Science and Natural Resources, Wonkwang University, Iksan, 54538, South Korea.
4
Department of Pharmacology, National Medicines Institute, 00-725, Warsaw, Poland.
5
Department of Internal Medicine №1, Danylo Halytskyi Lviv National Medical University, Lviv, 79010, Ukraine.
6
Naju Foundation of Natural Dyeing Culture, Naju, 58280, South Korea.
7
Institute for Drug Research, School of Pharmacy, The Hebrew University, Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, 91120, Israel. shela.gorin@mail.huji.ac.il.
8
Department of Horticulture Industry, College of Life Science and Resource, Wonkwang University, Iksan, 54538, South Korea. ygku35@wonkwang.ac.kr.
9
Institute of Life Science and Natural Resources, Wonkwang University, Iksan, 54538, South Korea. ygku35@wonkwang.ac.kr.

Abstract

The scope of this research was to determine the bioactive composition, antioxidant, binding, and anti-proliferative properties of red sweet paprika growing under artificial light. The amounts of carotenoids, chlorophyll, polyphenols, tannins, and flavonoids in red paprika (RP), cultivated in Korea, before and after light treatments under high pressure sodium (HPS) and lighting emitting plasma (LEP) lamps (RPControl, RPHPS, RPLEP), were analyzed in water (W) and ethanolic extracts (Et). Spectroscopic, radical scavenging assays, fluorescence and cytotoxicity measurements were applied. The results of this study showed that total chlorophyll and carotenes were the highest in RPHPS (10.50 ± 1.02 and 33.90 ± 3.26 μg/g dry weight (DW)). The strongest antioxidant capacity (μM TE/g DW) in a 2, 2'-azino-bis (3-ethyl-benzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS(•+)) assay was in RPControlEt (24.34 ± 2.36), in a ferric-reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) assay in RPHPSW (27.08 ± 2.4) and in a cupric reducing antioxidant (CUPRAC) in RPLEPW (70.99 ± 7.11). The paprika ethanolic extracts showed lower values in their bioactivity than the water ones. The binding and cytotoxicity abilities of extracted polyphenols correlated with their amounts. LEP treatment is better for plant growth characteristics than other conventional treatments. The investigated paprika samples can be used as a source of antioxidants.

KEYWORDS:

Antioxidants; Binding; Cytotoxicity; Fluorescence; Light treatments; Red sweet paprika

PMID:
27184000
DOI:
10.1007/s11130-016-0550-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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