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Nat Mater. 2016 Jul;15(7):746-53. doi: 10.1038/nmat4645. Epub 2016 May 16.

Exploring the origin of high optical absorption in conjugated polymers.

Author information

1
Centre for Plastic Electronics and Department of Physics, Imperial College London, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ, UK.
2
Centre for Plastic Electronics and Department of Chemistry, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ, UK.
3
Department of Chemistry, University of Cyprus, PO Box 20537, 1678 Nicosia, Cyprus.
4
Institute of Material Science of Barcelona (ICMAB-CSIC), Campus UAB, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain.
5
ICREA, Passeig Lluís Companys 23, 08010 Barcelona, Spain.
6
Department of Chemistry, University College London, 20 Gordon Street, London WC1H 0AJ, UK.
7
SPERC, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

The specific optical absorption of an organic semiconductor is critical to the performance of organic optoelectronic devices. For example, higher light-harvesting efficiency can lead to higher photocurrent in solar cells that are limited by sub-optimal electrical transport. Here, we compare over 40 conjugated polymers, and find that many different chemical structures share an apparent maximum in their extinction coefficients. However, a diketopyrrolopyrrole-thienothiophene copolymer shows remarkably high optical absorption at relatively low photon energies. By investigating its backbone structure and conformation with measurements and quantum chemical calculations, we find that the high optical absorption can be explained by the high persistence length of the polymer. Accordingly, we demonstrate high absorption in other polymers with high theoretical persistence length. Visible light harvesting may be enhanced in other conjugated polymers through judicious design of the structure.

PMID:
27183327
DOI:
10.1038/nmat4645
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