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Pharm Biol. 2016 Nov;54(11):2616-2622. Epub 2016 May 14.

Anti-rheumatic activity of Ananas comosus fruit peel extract in a complete Freund's adjuvant rat model.

Author information

1
a Sunandan Divatia School of Science, NMIMS (Deemed-to-be) University , Mumbai , Maharashtra , India.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, autoimmune and systemic inflammatory disease, which targets synovial joints leading to joint destruction mediated in part by migration of inflammatory cells into the synovial tissue.

OBJECTIVE:

The present study evaluates the anti-rheumatic effect of a methanol extract of Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. (Bromeliaceae) peel in rats.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Anti-rheumatic activity of crude extract of peels of A. comosus in complete Freund's induced arthritis model in rats was studied at doses of 50, 100, 250 and 500 mg/kg b.w. for 21 days. Parameters such as paw size, levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), C-reactive proteins (CRP) and prostaglandins (PGE2) were analysed.

RESULTS:

Oral administration of the extract significantly reduced the swelling in the paw of rats (EC50 65.1 ± 2.95 mg/kg b.w.) with a maximal inhibition of 77.01 ± 10.53% on 21st day at 500 mg/kg b.w. The extract also significantly reduced the levels of SOD, CAT and GPx in liver (EC50 26.84 ± 16.37, 68.37 ± 19.22, 106.54 ± 34.81 mg/kg b.w., respectively), kidney (EC50 261.75 ± 81.5, 176.38 ± 8.08, 14.32 ± 6.64, mg/kg b.w., respectively) and spleen (EC50 152.14 ± 39.57, 83.97 ± 14.6, 47.1 ± 10.45 mg/kg b.w., respectively); and CRP (EC50 36.37 ± 12.4 mg/kg b.w.) and PGE2 (EC50 191.06 ± 71.54 mg/kg b.w.) in tissue homogenate and serum, respectively, at 500 mg/kg b.w. as compared to arthritic control group.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that A. comosus fruit peel extract exerts anti-rheumatic activity.

KEYWORDS:

Catalase; c-reactive proteins; glutathione peroxidise; prostaglandins; rheumatoid arthritis; superoxide dismutase

PMID:
27181794
DOI:
10.3109/13880209.2016.1173066
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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