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J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016 May 14;45(1):31. doi: 10.1186/s40463-016-0143-5.

Can preoperative thyroglobulin antibody levels be used as a marker for well differentiated thyroid cancer?

Author information

1
Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.
2
Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.
3
Department Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
4
Division of Endocrinology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.
5
Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada. viforest@yahoo.ca.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

It has been reported that thyroglobulin antibody are more frequently elevated in patients with thyroid cancercompared to general population. This study aims at evaluating whether preoperative thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) levels increase the likelihood that a thyroid nodule is malignant.

METHODS:

A retrospective review of 586 patients who underwent thyroidectomy was conducted. Demographic data, TgAb levels, and final histopathology were recorded. Patients were divided into two groups: TgAb positive (defined as TgAb ≥ 30 IU/ml) and TgAb low/negative (defined as TgAb < 30).

RESULTS:

Preoperative TgAb levels were available in 405 patients. There were 353 (87 %) patients in the TgAblow/negative group (malignancy rate: 50.42 %) and 52 (13 %) patients in the TgAb positive group (malignancy rate: 65.38 %). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of TgAb ≥ 30 IU/ml for thyroid malignancy were 16.04 %, 90.67 %, 65.38 % and 49.58 %, respectively. The relative risk of having a malignant thyroid nodule when the TgAb titers were≥30 IU/ml was 1.30 (CI1.04-1.62) and the odds ratio was 1.86 (CI 1.01-3.41). Both the Pearson chi-square test (p = 0.024) and Fisher's exact test (p = 0.017) yielded statistical significance between the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

In this study, patients with preoperative TgAb ≥ 30 IU/ml had a higher rate of malignancy when compared topatients with TgAb < 30 IU/ml. This suggests that an elevated TgAb level may indicate that a thyroid nodule is at an increased risk for malignancy.

PMID:
27179632
PMCID:
PMC4868007
DOI:
10.1186/s40463-016-0143-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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