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Sex Reprod Healthc. 2016 Jun;8:19-24. doi: 10.1016/j.srhc.2016.01.003. Epub 2016 Feb 4.

The perceived role of clinicians in pregnancy prevention among young Black women.

Author information

1
CUNY Graduate School of Public Health & Health Policy, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: meredith.manze@hunter.cuny.edu.
2
Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.
3
Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA; Center for Healthcare Organization and Implementation Research, ENRM Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Bedford, MA, USA.
4
Section of General Internal Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study is to identify young Black women's attitudes toward clinicians and understand how they affect contraceptive behavior.

STUDY DESIGN AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with women aged 18-23 who self-identified as Black or African-American and analyzed data using techniques informed by grounded theory. Initial codes were grouped thematically, and these themes into larger concepts.

RESULTS:

Participants discussed two salient concepts related to pregnancy prevention: (1) sexual responsibility and self-efficacy and (2) the perceived limited role of health care clinicians. Women portrayed themselves as in control of their contraceptive decision-making and practices. Many viewed their life plan, to finish school and gain financial stability, as crucial to their resolve to use contraception. Participants gathered information from various sources to make their own independent decision about which method, if any, was most appropriate for their needs. Most had limited expectations of clinicians and considered in-depth conversations about details of contraceptive use to be irrelevant and unnecessary.

CONCLUSION:

These findings help understand factors contributing to contraceptive decision-making. The patient-clinician interaction is a necessary focus of future research to improve sexual health discussions and understand if and what aspects of this interaction can influence behavior.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; Contraception; Health care; Health communication; Pregnancy; Qualitative research

PMID:
27179373
DOI:
10.1016/j.srhc.2016.01.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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