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J Atten Disord. 2016 May 14. pii: 1087054716648775. [Epub ahead of print]

Short- and Long-Term Effects of Parent Training for Preschool Children With or at Risk of ADHD: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Author information

1
Aarhus University, Denmark marielr@psy.au.dk.
2
Aarhus University, Denmark.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the study was to synthesize the evidence of parent training (PT) as an early intervention for preschool children aged 2.5 to 6 years with ADHD or ADHD symptoms.

METHOD:

A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted.

RESULTS:

Sixteen studies including 1,003 children were analyzed. Parent-rated outcomes revealed moderate effect sizes (ESs; Hedges' g) of 0.51 for ADHD symptoms, 0.4 for conduct problems, and 0.63 for negative parenting. Based on independent assessment, results were only significant for negative parenting. Parent-rated outcomes were sustained at follow-ups of 3 to 12 months. Program type, intervention modality, and child diagnostic status did not moderate the effect.

CONCLUSION:

PT was partially supported as an efficacious intervention for preschool children with ADHD or ADHD symptoms with moderate ESs on parent-rated outcomes, but no significant results on independently assessed ADHD symptoms.

KEYWORDS:

ADHD; early intervention; meta-analysis; parent training

PMID:
27179355
DOI:
10.1177/1087054716648775

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