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J Vet Intern Med. 2016 May;30(3):697-705. doi: 10.1111/jvim.13940.

Utility of Tissue Doppler Imaging in the Echocardiographic Evaluation of Left and Right Ventricular Function in Dogs with Myxomatous Mitral Valve Disease with or without Pulmonary Hypertension.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna, Ozzano Emilia, Italy.
2
Department of Animal Medicine, Production and Health, University of Padova, Legnaro, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In human medicine, right ventricular (RV) functional parameters represent a tool for risk stratification in patients with congestive heart failure caused by left heart disease. Little is known about RV alterations in dogs with left-sided cardiac disorders.

OBJECTIVES:

To assess RV and left ventricular (LV) function in dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) with or without pulmonary hypertension (PH).

ANIMALS:

One-hundred and fourteen dogs: 28 healthy controls and 86 dogs with MMVD at different stages.

METHODS:

Prospective observational study. Animals were classified as healthy or having MMVD at different stages of severity and according to presence or absence of PH. Twenty-eight morphological, echo-Doppler, and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) variables were measured and comparison among groups and correlations between LV and RV parameters were studied.

RESULTS:

No differences were found among groups regarding RV echo-Doppler and TDI variables. Sixteen significant correlations were found between RV TDI and left heart echocardiographic variables. Dogs with PH had significantly higher transmitral E wave peak velocity and higher E/e' ratio of septal (sMV) and lateral (pMV) mitral annulus. These 2 variables were found to predict presence of PH with a sensitivity of 84 and 72%, and a specificity of 71 and 80% at cut-off values of 10 and 9.33 for sMV E/e' and pMV E/e', respectively.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE:

No association between variables of RV function and different MMVD stage and severity of PH could be detected. Some relationships were found between echocardiographic variables of right and left ventricular function.

KEYWORDS:

Canine; Cardiac disease; Echocardiography; Ventricular interdependence; right heart; tissue velocity

PMID:
27177623
PMCID:
PMC4913565
DOI:
10.1111/jvim.13940
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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