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Onco Targets Ther. 2016 Apr 27;9:2495-509. doi: 10.2147/OTT.S101800. eCollection 2016.

Diagnostic value of BRAF (V600E)-mutation analysis in fine-needle aspiration of thyroid nodules: a meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Surgical Oncology, First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China.
2
Department of Pathology, First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China.
3
Department of Neurosurgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is a reliable method for preoperative diagnosis of thyroid nodules; however, about 10%-40% nodules are classified as indeterminate. The BRAF (V600E) mutation is the most promising marker for thyroid FNA. This meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the diagnostic value of BRAF (V600E) analysis in thyroid FNA, especially the indeterminate cases. Systematic searches were performed in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Ovid, Elsevier, and the Cochrane Library databases for relevant studies prior to June 2015, and a total of 88 studies were ultimately included in this meta-analysis. Compared with FNA cytology, the synergism of BRAF (V600E) testing increased the diagnostic sensitivity from 81.4% to 87.4% and decreased the false-negative rate from 8% to 5.2%. In the indeterminate group, the mutation rate of BRAF (V600E) was 23% and varied in different subcategories (43.2% in suspicious for malignant cells [SMC], 13.77% in atypia of undetermined significance/follicular lesion of undetermined significance [AUS/FLUS], and 4.43% in follicular neoplasm/suspicious for follicular neoplasm [FN/SFN]). The sensitivity of BRAF (V600E) analysis was higher in SMC than that in AUS/FLUS and FN/SFN cases (59.4% vs 40.1% vs 19.5% respectively), while specificity was opposite (86.1% vs 99.5% vs 99.7% respectively). The areas under the summary receiver-operating characteristic curve also confirmed the diagnostic value of BRAF (V600E) testing in SMC and AUS/FLUS rather than FN/SFN cases. Therefore, BRAF (V600E) analysis can improve the diagnostic accuracy of thyroid FNA, especially indeterminate cases classified as SMC, and select malignancy to guide the extent of surgery.

KEYWORDS:

BRAFV600E mutation; fine-needle aspiration; meta-analysis; thyroid cancer

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