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Rev Alerg Mex. 2016 Apr-Jun;63(2):135-42.

[Prevalence of sensitization to allergens in school children with asthma residents from Guadalajara metropolitan area].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Departamento de Reproducción Humana, Centro Universitario en Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México. drmbedbar@gmail.com.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

BACKGROUND:

Allergic sensitization is dependent on the geographical and climatic conditions in each region; therefore, identify agents most commonly sensitized children with asthma is important for planning prevention measures.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the prevalence of the sensitization to allergens in children with asthma.

MATERIAL AND METHOD:

This cross-sectional and prolective study includes children from ages 6 to 14, who have asthma, attended for the first time in an allergy service. The patients were recruited consecutively between the months of January 1st 2014 to December 31st 2014. The frequency of the allergen sensitization was estimated.

RESULTS:

This study included 186 children, the median age was 7 years olds, the male group was 104/186 (55.9%) The median of the positive results was 5 and monosensitized were 47/186 (2.2%). The most common category of allergens was the indoor (90.3%), then trees (71.0%), and finally the fungi (9.7%). Individually, the house dust mites were more common in between the interior allergens, followed by the epithelial; in the tree pollen were oaks (31.7%) and ashes (28.0%), in weeds was mugwort (21.5%), in grasses was Zea mays (18.3%) and in the fungi was Cladosporium spp. (6.5%).

CONCLUSION:

The high prevalence of the sensitization to house dust mites and epithelial in children with asthma, stimulates to implement methods of environmental control for contributing a better control of the disease.

KEYWORDS:

allergens; asthma; child; prevalence; skin prick test

PMID:
27174756
DOI:
10.29262/ram.v63i2.184
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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