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Theriogenology. 2016 Sep 15;86(5):1182-8. doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2016.04.008. Epub 2016 Apr 13.

The role of adrenergic activation on murine luteal cell viability and progesterone production.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China.
2
Department of Cell Biology, School of Medicine, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China.
3
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China.
4
Joint programme of Nanchang University and Queen Mary University of London, London, UK.
5
Department of Cell Biology, School of Medicine, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China. Electronic address: zhangcp81@gmail.com.

Abstract

Sympathetic innervations exist in mammalian CL. The action of catecholaminergic system on luteal cells has been the focus of a variety of studies. Norepinephrine (NE) increased progesterone secretion of cattle luteal cells by activating β-adrenoceptors. In this study, murine luteal cells were treated with NE and isoprenaline (ISO). We found that NE increased the viability of murine luteal cells and ISO decreased the viability of luteal cells. Both NE and ISO promoted the progesterone production. Nonselective β-adrenergic antagonist, propranolol reversed the effect of ISO on cell viability but did not reverse the effect of NE on cell viability. Propranolol blocked the influence of NE and ISO on progesterone production. These results reveal that the increase of luteal cell viability induced by NE is not dependent on β-adrenergic activation. α-Adrenergic activation possibly contributes to it. Both NE and ISO increased progesterone production through activating β-adrenergic receptor. Further study showed that CyclinD2 is involved in the increase of luteal cell induced by NE. 3β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, LHR, steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR), and PGF2α contribute to the progesterone production induced by NE and ISO.

KEYWORDS:

Isoprenaline; Luteal cell; Norepinephrine; Progesterone

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