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Gac Sanit. 2016 Nov - Dec;30(6):457-463. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2016.03.013. Epub 2016 May 9.

Food consumption frequency and excess body weight in adolescents in the context of financial crisis in Barcelona (Spain).

Author information

1
Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
2
Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain.
3
Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Spain; Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain.
4
Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Spain; Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Ciències Experimentals i de la Salut, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: mjlopez@aspb.cat.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To describe food consumption frequency in adolescents in the context of the financial crisis in 2012, and to analyse potential fluctuations in excess body weight between 2008 and 2012.

METHOD:

A cross-sectional study of eating habits and excess body weight was conducted in adolescents aged 13 to 19 years old from public, subsidised and private secondary schools in Barcelona, Spain. The FRESC lifestyle risk factors survey was used, and food frequency consumption, food recommendations and body mass index were analysed according to gender, year of education and socioeconomic status.

RESULTS:

Girls ate vegetables and fruits more frequently than boys, while the prevalence of junk food consumption was higher in boys. The prevalence of compliance with food recommendations was lower than 50% for all foods, and gender and socioeconomic differences were found for eggs, red meat and soft drinks. Regarding excess body weight, boys had a higher prevalence than girls in the 2 years analysed. Furthermore, a reduction in excess body weight was observed among girls in secondary education in the highest socioeconomic groups (28.7% [95% CI: 24.8-32.6%] in 2008 to 20.5% [95% CI: 17.1-23.8%] in 2012).

CONCLUSIONS:

The prevalence of adolescents following food recommendations is low, and gender differences were found in terms of food consumption frequency, even in the context of financial crisis. There is a need to promote programmes and policies to reduce inequalities related to eating habits and excess body weight in adolescents.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; Adolescente; Diet surveys; Economic recession; Encuestas sobre dietas; Food consumption; Ingestión de alimentos; Overweight; Recesión económica; Sobrepeso

PMID:
27173088
DOI:
10.1016/j.gaceta.2016.03.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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