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Br Poult Sci. 2016 Aug;57(4):551-8. doi: 10.1080/00071668.2016.1187712. Epub 2016 Aug 2.

The role of bentonite binders in single or concomitant mycotoxin contamination of chicken diets.

Author information

1
a Department of Nutritional Physiology and Feeding, Faculty of Animal Science and Aquaculture , Agricultural University of Athens , Athens , Greece.
2
b Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Crop Science , Agricultural University of Athens , Athens , Greece.
3
c Department of Plant Breeding and Biometry, Faculty of Crop Science , Agricultural University of Athens , Athens , Greece.

Abstract

Concomitant presence of mycotoxins is more likely to appear than a single mycotoxicosis since many mycotoxigenic fungi grow and produce their toxic metabolites under similar conditions. The present study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of 4 mycotoxin binders to protect meat-type chickens against single and concomitant administration in the feed of two mycotoxins, namely aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and ochratoxin A (OTA) both at concentration of 0.1 mg/kg. A total of 440 as hatched, d-old, Ross 308 broilers were reared for 42 d. There were 11 dietary treatments. Chickens were fed on either an uncontaminated basal diet, basal diet and AFB1, basal with concomitant presence of AFB1 and OTA, basal diet and three binders A, B and C (1%) with or without AFB1 or basal diet and binder D (0.5%) with or without concomitant presence of AFB1 and OTA. Performance, carcass yield and several biochemical parameters were examined. Mycotoxin concentration in liver and breast muscle samples was determined. Broiler performance under concomitant mycotoxin contamination was poorer than that under single mycotoxicosis. Mycotoxin presence increased relative heart weight compared to that of broilers fed on uncontaminated diets. Only OTA and not AFB1 was detected and only in the liver. OTA concentration was four-fold lower in broilers fed on a diet with binder compared to those fed on contaminated diets without binder. In conclusion, the study revealed that binder composition and presence or not of multiple toxins may be important factors for optimum broiler performance under mycotoxicosis.

PMID:
27172005
DOI:
10.1080/00071668.2016.1187712
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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