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Am J Pharm Educ. 2016 Apr 25;80(3):46. doi: 10.5688/ajpe80346.

Student Perceptions of and Confidence in Self-Care Course Concepts Using Team-based Learning.

Author information

1
Belmont University College of Pharmacy, Nashville, Tennessee; Cedarville University School of Pharmacy, Cedarville, Ohio.
2
Cedarville University School of Pharmacy, Cedarville, Ohio.
3
Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education, Chicago, Illinois; Manchester University College of Pharmacy, Fort Wayne, Indiana.
4
Parkview Health, Fort Wayne, Indiana; Manchester University College of Pharmacy, Fort Wayne, Indiana.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate changes in student perceptions of and confidence in self-care concepts after completing a team-based learning (TBL) self-care course.

METHODS:

Team-based learning was used at two universities in first professional year, semester-long self-care courses. Two instruments were created and administered before and after the semester. The instruments were designed to assess changes in student perceptions of self-care using the theory of planned behavior (TPB) domains and confidence in learning self-care concepts using Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory. Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used to evaluate pre/post changes, and Mann Whitney U tests were used to evaluate university differences.

RESULTS:

Fifty-three Cedarville University and 58 Manchester University students completed both instruments (100% and 92% response rates, respectively). Student self-care perceptions with TPB decreased significantly on nine of 13 items for Cedarville and decreased for one of 13 items for Manchester. Student confidence in self-care concepts improved significantly on all questions for both universities.

CONCLUSION:

Data indicate TBL self-care courses were effective in improving student confidence about self-care concepts. Establishing students' skill sets prior to entering the profession is beneficial because pharmacists will use self-directed learning to expand their knowledge and adapt to problem-solving situations.

KEYWORDS:

confidence; pharmacy students; self-care; team-based learning

PMID:
27170817
PMCID:
PMC4857641
DOI:
10.5688/ajpe80346
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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