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Telemed J E Health. 2016 Dec;22(12):1019-1023. Epub 2016 May 11.

The Importance of Walking for Control of Blood Pressure: Proof Using a Telemedicine System.

Author information

1
1 Department of Cardiology, Pulmonology, Hypertension and Nephrology, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine , Ehime, Japan .
2
2 Department of Community Emergency Medicine, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine , Ehime, Japan .
3
3 Yawatahama City General Hospital , Ehime, Japan .

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Regular physical activity (PA), including daily walking, reduces the risk of many chronic diseases, especially hypertension. Pedometer is a potential motivational aid for increasing PA. In the present study, we used a telemedicine system and analyzed the relationship between daily walking, calculated by pedometers, and blood pressure (BP).

METHODS:

BP was measured at home twice a day (morning and evening) using an oscillometric automatic device. Body weight (BW) and percent body fat (%BF) were measured after BP measurement. Daily walking steps (DWS) were calculated by a pedometer. These daily parameters were transmitted through the Internet to a central server computer and sent to the Medical Health Center.

RESULTS:

Sixty-nine (Nā€‰=ā€‰69) hypertensive patients were included in this study. The mean follow-up period was 378 days. Electronic data from a pedometer (DWS) were associated with reduced BW, body mass index, and %BF. Hypertensive patients were divided into two groups based on the DWS. In the high DWS group, morning systolic BP and diastolic BP and evening systolic BP were reduced after induction of the telemedicine system.

CONCLUSION:

A telemedicine system confirmed the usefulness of walking to control BP in hypertensive patients.

KEYWORDS:

cardiology/cardiovascular disease; e-health; home health monitoring; telemedicine

PMID:
27167766
DOI:
10.1089/tmj.2016.0008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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