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J AAPOS. 2016 Jun;20(3):220-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2016.01.017. Epub 2016 May 7.

Colorado retinopathy of prematurity model: a multi-institutional validation study.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado, Denver; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas. Electronic address: Jennifer.Cao@utsw.edu.
2
Biostatistics and Informatics, University of Colorado, Denver.
3
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado, Denver.
4
Department of Ophthalmology, University of California-Los Angeles, Los Angeles.
5
Ratner Children's Eye Center in the Shiley Eye Institute, University of California-San Diego, San Diego.
6
Department of Ophthalmology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.
7
Department of Ophthalmology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The Colorado retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) prediction model (CO-ROP), developed using a cohort of infants from Colorado, calls for ROP examination of infants meeting all of the following criteria: gestational age of ≤30 weeks, birth weight of ≤1500 g, and a net weight gain of ≤650 g between birth and 4 weeks of age. The purpose of this study was to perform an external validation to assess the sensitivity and specificity of the CO-ROP model in a larger cohort of babies screened for ROP from four academic institutions in the United States.

METHODS:

The medical records of neonates screened for ROP according current national guidelines was conducted at 4 US academic centers were retrospectively reviewed. Sensitivity, specificity, and respective 95% confidence intervals in detecting ROP using CO-ROP were calculated for type 1, type 2, and any grade of ROP.

RESULTS:

A total of 858 cases were included. The CO-ROP algorithm had a sensitivity of 98.1% (95% CI, 93.3%-99.8%) for type 1 ROP, 95.6% (95% CI 78.0-99.9%) for type 2 ROP, and 95.0% (95% CI, 93.1-97.4%) for all grades of ROP. The CO-ROP model would have reduced the total number of infants screened by 23.9% compared to current 2013 screening guidelines.

CONCLUSIONS:

CO-ROP demonstrated high sensitivity in predicting ROP and would have greatly reduced the number of infants needing examination.

PMID:
27166790
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaapos.2016.01.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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