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Clin Obes. 2016 Jun;6(3):175-88. doi: 10.1111/cob.12147.

Weight bias reduction in health professionals: a systematic review.

Author information

1
Werklund School of Education, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
2
Libraries and Cultural Resources, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
3
Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
4
Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
5
Emergency Strategic Clinical Network, Alberta Health Services, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
6
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
7
Applied Research and Evaluation Services, Primary Health Care, Alberta Health Services, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
8
Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Abstract

Innovative and coordinated strategies to address weight bias among health professionals are urgently needed. We conducted a systematic literature review of empirical peer-reviewed published studies to assess the impact of interventions designed to reduce weight bias in students or professionals in a health-related field. Combination sets of keywords based on three themes (1: weight bias/stigma; 2: obesity/overweight; 3: health professional) were searched within nine databases. Our search yielded 1447 individual records, of which 17 intervention studies satisfied the inclusion criteria. Most studies (n = 15) included medical, dietetic, health promotion, psychology and kinesiology students, while the minority included practicing health professionals (n = 2). Studies utilized various bias-reduction strategies. Many studies had methodological weaknesses, including short assessment periods, lack of randomization, lack of control group and small sample sizes. Although many studies reported changes in health professionals' beliefs and knowledge about obesity aetiology, evidence of effectiveness is poor, and long-term effects of intervention strategies on weight bias reduction remain unknown. The findings highlight the lack of experimental research to reduce weight bias among health professionals. Although changes in practice will likely require multiple strategies in various sectors, well-designed trials are needed to test the impact of interventions to decrease weight bias in healthcare settings.

KEYWORDS:

Healthcare; obesity; prejudice; stigma

PMID:
27166133
DOI:
10.1111/cob.12147
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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