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Trop Anim Health Prod. 2016 Aug;48(6):1191-200. doi: 10.1007/s11250-016-1074-x. Epub 2016 May 10.

Milk yield and lactation stage are associated with positive results to ELISA for Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in dairy cows from Northern Antioquia, Colombia: a preliminary study.

Author information

1
Grupo Centauro, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de Antioquia UdeA, Medellín, Colombia.
2
Grupo Biogénesis, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de Antioquia UdeA, Medellín, Colombia.
3
Grupo Centauro, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de Antioquia UdeA, Medellín, Colombia. jorge.fernandez@udea.edu.co.
4
Epidemiología y Salud Pública Veterinaria, Escuela de Medicina Veterinaria, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de Antioquia UdeA, Calle 70 No. 52-21, Medellín, Colombia. jorge.fernandez@udea.edu.co.

Abstract

Paratuberculosis is a slow-developing infectious disease characterized by chronic granulomatous enterocolitis. This disease has a variable incubation period from 6 months to over 15 years and is caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). Some studies have been conducted in cattle during the last decades in Colombia. However, those studies were designed using relatively small populations and were not aimed to establish prevalence. This study aimed to determine the MAP seroprevalence in selected dairy herds and to explore risk factors associated with the serology results. Serum samples and related data were collected from 696 randomly selected bovines in 28 dairy herds located in 12 different districts in one of the main dairy municipalities in Colombia (San Pedro de los Milagros). The samples were analyzed using a commercial ELISA kit. The information on risk factors was analyzed using a logistic regression. The apparent seroprevalence was 3.6 % (1/28) at the herd level and 2 % (14/696) at the animal level. The number of days in milk production between 100 and 200 days, and over 200 days as well as the daily milk production between 20 and 40 L/cow, and over 40 L/cow were associated with MAP seropositivity with odds ratios of 4.42, 3.45, 2.53, and 20.38, respectively. This study demonstrates the MAP seroprevalence in dairy herds from Antioquia, Colombia and the possible relationship between MAP seropositivity, milk yield, and lactation stage.

KEYWORDS:

Dairy cattle; Johne’s disease; Milk production; Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis; Risk factors; Seroprevalence

PMID:
27165342
DOI:
10.1007/s11250-016-1074-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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