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Neurology. 2016 May 10;86(19):1818-26. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000002560. Epub 2016 Apr 18.

Practice guideline update summary: Botulinum neurotoxin for the treatment of blepharospasm, cervical dystonia, adult spasticity, and headache: Report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology.

Author information

1
From the Department of Neurology (D.M.S., M.W.G.), Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY; Human Motor Control Section (M.H.), National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (B.P.K.), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD; Department of Neurology (E.J.A.), Bronson Neuroscience Center, Bronson Methodist Hospital, Kalamazoo, MI; Department of Neurological Sciences (C.L.C.), Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL; Department of Neurology (G.S.G.), University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City; Department of Neurology (M.J.A.), University of Maryland, Baltimore; Department of Neurology (D.G.), Geisinger Health System, Danville, PA; Department of Neurology (S.P.), Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center, CA; Parkinson's Disease Center and Movement Disorders Clinic (J.J.), Department of Neurology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology (M.N.), Klinikum Augsburg, Germany; Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences (Y.T.S.), Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA; and Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (S.A.Y.), University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To update the 2008 American Academy of Neurology (AAN) guidelines regarding botulinum neurotoxin for blepharospasm, cervical dystonia (CD), headache, and adult spasticity.

METHODS:

We searched the literature for relevant articles and classified them using 2004 AAN criteria.

RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:

Blepharospasm: OnabotulinumtoxinA (onaBoNT-A) and incobotulinumtoxinA (incoBoNT-A) are probably effective and should be considered (Level B). AbobotulinumtoxinA (aboBoNT-A) is possibly effective and may be considered (Level C). CD: AboBoNT-A and rimabotulinumtoxinB (rimaBoNT-B) are established as effective and should be offered (Level A), and onaBoNT-A and incoBoNT-A are probably effective and should be considered (Level B). Adult spasticity: AboBoNT-A, incoBoNT-A, and onaBoNT-A are established as effective and should be offered (Level A), and rimaBoNT-B is probably effective and should be considered (Level B), for upper limb spasticity. AboBoNT-A and onaBoNT-A are established as effective and should be offered (Level A) for lower-limb spasticity. Headache: OnaBoNT-A is established as effective and should be offered to increase headache-free days (Level A) and is probably effective and should be considered to improve health-related quality of life (Level B) in chronic migraine. OnaBoNT-A is established as ineffective and should not be offered for episodic migraine (Level A) and is probably ineffective for chronic tension-type headaches (Level B).

PMID:
27164716
PMCID:
PMC4862245
DOI:
10.1212/WNL.0000000000002560
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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