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J Asthma. 2016 Sep;53(7):691-8. doi: 10.3109/02770903.2015.1135944. Epub 2016 May 10.

San Francisco childcare centers' preparedness in the prevention and management of asthma among preschool-aged children.

Author information

1
a Department of Psychiatry , University of California , San Francisco, San Francisco , California , USA.
2
b Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health , San Francisco Department of Public Health , San Francisco , California , USA.
3
c Department of Pediatrics , University of California , San Francisco, San Francisco , California , USA.
4
d Philip R. Lee Institute of Health Policy Studies, University of California , San Francisco , California , USA.
5
e Children's Environmental Health , San Francisco Department of Public Health , San Francisco , California , USA.
6
f Internal Medicine, University of California , San Francisco , California , USA.
7
g Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics , University of California , San Francisco , California , USA.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Asthma is a common health condition for children in childcare. National recommendations for asthma in childcare exist. However, no studies have investigated the extent to which childcare centers adhere to these recommendations. We aimed to assess childcare center adherence to National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) recommendations for asthma care and preparedness and to identify characteristics associated with increased adherence to national asthma recommendations.

METHODS:

We developed a standardized instrument. Each childcare center received a score of 0 through 7 based on number of recommendations met. We conducted t-tests, chi square tests and linear regression to identify childcare center factors associated with increased asthma preparedness.

RESULTS:

36 out of 40 eligible childcare centers (90%) participated. These sites served 1570 children primarily between the ages of 2 to 5 years. On average, centers met 3.8 out of 7 (SD  =  1.3) recommendations. Staff familiarity caring for children with asthma (p < 0.001) and the center's asthma prevalence (p  =  0.01) was positively associated with the center's asthma preparedness. The 3 areas most in need of improvement related to asthma medications, asthma action plans and asthma policies. None of the managers reported being familiar with the NAEPP recommendations.

DISCUSSION:

There is room for improvement in the asthma care and preparedness of childcare centers. The 3 areas in which centers performed poorly (appropriate asthma medication management, use of asthma action plans, and presence of appropriate asthma policies) suggest that closer collaboration between clinicians and childcare centers may be a key to improving asthma management for young children.

KEYWORDS:

Pediatrics; asthma action plan; controller medication; daycare; prevention; provider education

PMID:
27164036
PMCID:
PMC5814296
DOI:
10.3109/02770903.2015.1135944
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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