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FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2016 Jul;92(7). pii: fiw094. doi: 10.1093/femsec/fiw094. Epub 2016 May 8.

Bacterial community composition in the water column of the deepest freshwater Lake Baikal as determined by next-generation sequencing.

Author information

1
Limnological Institute, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk, Russia maria.kurilkina@gmail.com.
2
Limnological Institute, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk, Russia.

Abstract

The composition of bacterial communities in Lake Baikal in different hydrological periods and at different depths (down to 1515 m) has been analyzed using pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA gene V3 variable region. Most of the resulting 34 562 reads of the Bacteria domain have clustered into 1693 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) classified with the phyla Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Chloroflexi, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Acidobacteria and Cyanobacteria. It has been found that their composition at the family level and relative contributions to bacterial communities distributed over the water column vary depending on hydrological period. The number of OTUs and the parameters of taxonomic richness (ACE, Chao1 indices) and diversity (Shannon and inverse Simpson index) reach the highest values in water layers. The composition of bacterial communities in these layers remains relatively constant, whereas that in surface layers differs between hydrological seasons. The dynamics of physicochemical conditions over the water column and their relative constancy in deep layers are decisive factors in shaping the pattern of bacterial communities in Lake Baikal.

KEYWORDS:

454 pyrosequencing; Lake Baikal; bacteria; community structure; water column

PMID:
27162182
DOI:
10.1093/femsec/fiw094
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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