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Clin Exp Optom. 2016 Jul;99(4):297-308. doi: 10.1111/cxo.12383. Epub 2016 May 10.

Visual function in autism spectrum disorders: a critical review.

Author information

1
School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. abakroon@uwaterloo.ca.
2
School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
3
Departments of Physics, Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Abstract

Studies have shown considerable evidence of visual dysfunction in autism spectrum disorders. Anomalies in visual information processing can have a major effect on the life quality of individuals with autism spectrum disorders. We summarise the hypotheses and theories underlying neural aetiologies and genetic factors that cause these disorders, as well as the possible influences of unusual sensory processing on the communications and behaviour characterised by the autistics. In particular, we review the impact of these dysfunctions on visual performance.

KEYWORDS:

autism spectrum disorders; colour vision; neural processing; vision tests; visual acuity; visual performance; visual search

PMID:
27161596
DOI:
10.1111/cxo.12383
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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