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Diabetes Obes Metab. 2016 Sep;18(9):907-15. doi: 10.1111/dom.12689. Epub 2016 Jun 20.

Rates and predictors of hypoglycaemia in 27 585 people from 24 countries with insulin-treated type 1 and type 2 diabetes: the global HAT study.

Author information

1
Diabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.
2
Al Hada Military Hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabia.
3
LMC Diabetes and Endocrinology, Toronto, Canada.
4
University Hospital 'Sestre Milosrdnice', Zagreb, Croatia.
5
Julius Clinical/Julius Center, UMC Utrecht, Zeist, the Netherlands.
6
Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
7
Endocrinology Research Center, Moscow, Russian Federation.
8
Medical Center Haaglanden, The Hague, the Netherlands.
9
Clalit Health Services, Tel Aviv, Israel.
10
The Technion, Haifa, Israel.
11
Novo Nordisk A/S, Søborg, Denmark.
12
Faculty of Medicine, Clinic for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Clinical Center of Serbia, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.
13
Rudolfstiftung Hospital and Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
14
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
15
Nordsjaellands Hospital Hillerød, Hillerød, Denmark.
16
India Diabetes Research Foundation and Dr A Ramachandran's Diabetes Hospitals, Chennai, India.

Abstract

AIMS:

To determine the global extent of hypoglycaemia experienced by patients with diabetes using insulin, as there is a lack of data on the prevalence of hypoglycaemia in developed and developing countries.

METHODS:

This non-interventional, multicentre, 6-month retrospective and 4-week prospective study using self-assessment questionnaire and patient diaries included 27 585 patients, aged ≥18 years, with type 1 diabetes (T1D; n = 8022) or type 2 diabetes (T2D; n = 19 563) treated with insulin for >12 months, at 2004 sites in 24 countries worldwide. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients experiencing at least one hypoglycaemic event during the observational period.

RESULTS:

During the prospective period, 83.0% of patients with T1D and 46.5% of patients with T2D reported hypoglycaemia. Rates of any, nocturnal and severe hypoglycaemia were 73.3 [95% confidence interval (CI) 72.6-74.0], 11.3 (95% CI 11.0-11.6) and 4.9 (95% CI 4.7-5.1) events/patient-year for T1D and 19.3 (95% CI 19.1-19.6), 3.7 (95% CI 3.6-3.8) and 2.5 events/patient-year (95% CI 2.4-2.5) for T2D, respectively. The highest rates of any hypoglycaemia were observed in Latin America for T1D and Russia for T2D. Glycated haemoglobin level was not a significant predictor of hypoglycaemia.

CONCLUSIONS:

We report hypoglycaemia rates in a global population, including those in countries without previous data. Overall hypoglycaemia rates were high, with large variations between geographical regions. Further investigation into these differences may help to optimize therapy and reduce the risk of hypoglycaemia.

KEYWORDS:

HAT study; diabetes; global; hypoglycaemia; insulin; observational

PMID:
27161418
PMCID:
PMC5031206
DOI:
10.1111/dom.12689
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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