Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Subst Use Misuse. 2016 Jul 28;51(9):1116-29. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2016.1160119. Epub 2016 May 9.

Developing an Experiential Definition of Recovery: Participatory Research With Recovering Substance Abusers From Multiple Pathways.

Author information

1
a Department of Sociology & Anthropology , George Mason University , Fairfax , Virginia , USA.
2
b Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute , Emeryville , California , USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The What is Recovery? (WIR) study identified specific elements of a recovery definition that people in substance abuse recovery from multiple pathways would endorse.

OBJECTIVES:

To explain how participatory research contributed to the development of a comprehensive pool of items defining recovery; and to identify the commonality between the specific items endorsed by participants as defining recovery and the abstract components of recovery found in four important broad recovery definitions.

METHODS:

A four-step, mixed-methods, iterative process was used to develop and pretest items (August 2010 to February 2012). Online survey recruitment (n = 238) was done via email lists of individuals in recovery and electronic advertisements; 54 were selected for in-depth telephone interviews. Analyses using experientially-based and survey research criteria resulted in a revised item pool of 47 refined and specific items. The WIR items were matched with the components of four important definitions.

RESULTS:

Recovering participants (1) proposed and validated new items; (2) developed an alternative response category to the Likert; (3) suggested criteria for eliminating items irrelevant to recovery. The matching of WIR items with the components of important abstract definitions revealed extensive commonality.

CONCLUSIONS/IMPORTANCE:

The WIR items define recovery as ways of being, as a growth and learning process involving internal values and self-awareness with moral dimensions. This is the first wide-scale research identifying specific items defining recovery, which can be used to guide service provision in Recovery-Oriented Systems of Care.

KEYWORDS:

Alcoholics Anonymous; Recovery; experiential; participatory research; quality of life; substance abuse

PMID:
27159851
PMCID:
PMC4912399
DOI:
10.3109/10826084.2016.1160119
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center