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Addict Behav. 2016 Sep;60:191-6. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.04.019. Epub 2016 Apr 22.

Associations between binge drinking frequency and tobacco use among young adults.

Author information

1
Center for Tobacco Control Research & Education, University of California, San Francisco, CA, United States. Electronic address: noah.gubner@ucsf.edu.
2
Department of Psychiatry and Weill Institute for Neurosciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA, United States.
3
Center for Tobacco Control Research & Education, University of California, San Francisco, CA, United States; Department of Psychiatry and Weill Institute for Neurosciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA, United States.

Abstract

Tobacco use is greater among young adults who binge drink; yet there is limited research on tobacco use characteristics among different types of binge drinkers based on frequency. We aimed to characterize this relationship among young adults (18-25years old) who used both substances in the past month (smoked ≥1 cigarette, and drank ≥1 alcoholic beverage) using an anonymous online survey. Participants (N=1405, 65.0% male) were grouped based on binge drinking frequency and compared for tobacco use characteristics and demographics using bivariate analyses and multinomial logistic regression. Binge drinking frequency groups were: non-binge drinkers who consumed alcohol (0days; 27.5%); occasional (1-3days; 37.9%); intermediate (4-8days; 21.9%); and frequent (9+days; 12.7%) binge drinkers. Comparing each binge drinking group to non-binge drinkers: Both occasional and frequent binge drinkers smoked more cigarettes per day (p=0.001; p=0.002); frequent binge drinkers reported greater temptations to smoke in positive affective/social situations (p=0.02); intermediate binge drinkers were less likely to have a tobacco abstinence goal (p=0.03) but more likely to have made a serious tobacco quit attempt; all of the binge groups were more likely to be social smokers (all p<0.01). Overall, we also found a high rate of smoking on binge drinking days. Individuals smoked cigarettes on 85.7%±32.9% of days they binge drank. Extent of binge drinking (not just prevalence) is an important factor influencing smoking characteristics in young adults.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol; Binge drinking; Heavy episodic drinking; Tobacco; Young adult

PMID:
27156220
PMCID:
PMC4884528
DOI:
10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.04.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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