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Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2016 May;27(2):437-54. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2015.12.003.

Active Rehabilitation of Concussion and Post-concussion Syndrome.

Author information

1
UBMD Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, SUNY Buffalo, 160 Farber Hall, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA. Electronic address: leddy@buffalo.edu.
2
UBMD Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine and Nuclear Medicine, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, School of Social Work, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA.

Abstract

Concussion is a physiological brain injury with physical, cognitive, and emotional sequelae. The macrophysiological insult to the brain affects the autonomic nervous system and its control of cerebral blood flow. Most patients recover within 2 weeks, but some do not. Persistence of symptoms beyond the generally accepted time frame for recovery is called post-concussion syndrome (PCS). PCS is not a single entity; it is a group of disorders that requires specific forms of therapy. Rest has been the mainstay of the treatment for concussion and PCS. This article discusses the rationale for the active treatment of concussion and PCS.

KEYWORDS:

Active; Concussion; Physiology; Post-concussion syndrome; Rehabilitation; Treatment

PMID:
27154855
DOI:
10.1016/j.pmr.2015.12.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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