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Bioinformatics. 2016 Aug 1;32(15):2264-71. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btw114. Epub 2016 Mar 7.

UniProt-DAAC: domain architecture alignment and classification, a new method for automatic functional annotation in UniProtKB.

Author information

1
European Molecular Biology Laboratory, European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), Hinxton, Cambridge, UK.

Abstract

MOTIVATION:

Similarity-based methods have been widely used in order to infer the properties of genes and gene products containing little or no experimental annotation. New approaches that overcome the limitations of methods that rely solely upon sequence similarity are attracting increased attention. One of these novel approaches is to use the organization of the structural domains in proteins.

RESULTS:

We propose a method for the automatic annotation of protein sequences in the UniProt Knowledgebase (UniProtKB) by comparing their domain architectures, classifying proteins based on the similarities and propagating functional annotation. The performance of this method was measured through a cross-validation analysis using the Gene Ontology (GO) annotation of a sub-set of UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of this approach in detecting functional similarity with an average F-score: 0.85. We applied the method on nearly 55.3 million uncharacterized proteins in UniProtKB/TrEMBL resulted in 44 818 178 GO term predictions for 12 172 114 proteins. 22% of these predictions were for 2 812 016 previously non-annotated protein entries indicating the significance of the value added by this approach.

AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION:

The results of the method are available at: ftp://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/contrib/martin/DAAC/ CONTACT: tdogan@ebi.ac.uk

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

PMID:
27153729
PMCID:
PMC4965628
DOI:
10.1093/bioinformatics/btw114
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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