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Nucleic Acids Res. 2016 Jul 8;44(W1):W105-9. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkw356. Epub 2016 May 5.

PathwAX: a web server for network crosstalk based pathway annotation.

Author information

  • 1Stockholm Bioinformatics Center, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, Science for Life Laboratory, Box 1031, 17121 Solna, Sweden christoph.ogris@scilifelab.se.
  • 2Division of Translational Medicine and Chemical Biology, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, Science for Life Laboratory, Box 1031, 17121 Solna, Sweden.
  • 3Stockholm Bioinformatics Center, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, Science for Life Laboratory, Box 1031, 17121 Solna, Sweden erik.sonnhammer@scilifelab.se.

Abstract

Pathway annotation of gene lists is often used to functionally analyse biomolecular data such as gene expression in order to establish which processes are activated in a given experiment. Databases such as KEGG or GO represent collections of how genes are known to be organized in pathways, and the challenge is to compare a given gene list with the known pathways such that all true relations are identified. Most tools apply statistical measures to the gene overlap between the gene list and pathway. It is however problematic to avoid false negatives and false positives when only using the gene overlap. The pathwAX web server (http://pathwAX.sbc.su.se/) applies a different approach which is based on network crosstalk. It uses the comprehensive network FunCoup to analyse network crosstalk between a query gene list and KEGG pathways. PathwAX runs the BinoX algorithm, which employs Monte-Carlo sampling of randomized networks and estimates a binomial distribution, for estimating the statistical significance of the crosstalk. This results in substantially higher accuracy than gene overlap methods. The system was optimized for speed and allows interactive web usage. We illustrate the usage and output of pathwAX.

PMID:
27151197
PMCID:
PMC4987909
DOI:
10.1093/nar/gkw356
[PubMed - in process]
Free PMC Article
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