Format

Send to

Choose Destination
AIDS Behav. 2016 Oct;20(10):2408-2417. doi: 10.1007/s10461-016-1421-y.

Alcohol Consumption in Ugandan HIV-Infected Household-Brewers Versus Non-Brewers.

Author information

1
Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Maine Medical Center, Portland, ME, USA. kthakarar@mmc.org.
2
Department of Medicine, Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital, Mbarara, Uganda.
3
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.
4
Clinical Addiction Research and Education (CARE) Unit, Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.
5
Department of Biostatistics, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.
6
Data Coordinating Center, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.
7
Mbarara University of Science and Technology Grants Office, Mbarara, Uganda.
8
School of Medicine, Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST), Mbarara, Uganda.
9
Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA.

Abstract

The brewing of alcohol in Ugandan households is common, yet little is known about its relationship with alcohol consumption in HIV-infected individuals. We performed a cross-sectional analysis to assess the association between household brewing and unhealthy alcohol consumption among 387 HIV-infected adults in a prospective study examining the association between alcohol consumption and HIV-disease progression. Household brewing was defined as participants reporting that they or a household member home-brewed alcohol. Logistic regression was used to assess the association between household brewing and unhealthy alcohol consumption, defined as phosphatidylethanol (PEth) level ≥50 ng/ml or AUDIT-C (modified to measure the prior 3 months) positive. Sixty-six (17.0 %) participants reported household brewing. Household brewers had higher odds of unhealthy alcohol consumption (AOR 2.27, 95 % CI 1.26-4.12). Among HIV-infected individuals, household brewing was associated with unhealthy alcohol consumption. Interventions to reduce alcohol consumption in this population could target household brewers.

KEYWORDS:

Africa; Alcohol; HIV; Household brewing; Unhealthy alcohol use

PMID:
27150894
PMCID:
PMC5025349
DOI:
10.1007/s10461-016-1421-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center