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Histochemistry. 1989;90(6):489-96.

Enhancement of gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity by Mg deficiency in non-pregnant rats. Morphological, enzyme histochemical and immunohistochemical studies.

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Department of Anatomy, Free University of Berlin, Germany.


Non-pregnant rats fed an Mg-deficient diet showed some degenerated and calcified proximal tubules in the inner region of the medullary rays accompanied by reduced or absent enzyme activities. After gentamicin treatment some damaged convoluted proximal tubules occurred. Enzyme histochemistry revealed decreased activities for brush border and lysosomal hydrolases; using immunohistochemistry lesions were detectable for the cytoskeletal proteins keratin and vimentin. Administration of gentamicin to Mg-deficient rats led to a further decrease of hydrolase activities in obviously intact proximal tubules and drastic structural and enzymatic defects as well as alterations of the cytoskeletal proteins in the convoluted and straight segments of other proximal tubules and to a lesser degree also in glomeruli and further portions of the tubular apparatus including the collecting ducts.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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