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J Clin Pharmacol. 2016 Dec;56(12):1582-1590. doi: 10.1002/jcph.764. Epub 2016 Jun 2.

Pharmacokinetics and Tolerability of a Dual Variable Domain Immunoglobulin ABT-981 Against IL-1α and IL-1β in Healthy Subjects and Patients With Osteoarthritis of the Knee.

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AbbVie Inc, North Chicago, IL, USA.
AbbVie Deutschland GmbH and Co KG, Wiesbaden, Hesse, Germany.


The interleukin (IL)-1 family of proinflammatory cytokines are thought to play a significant role in the structural progression of osteoarthritis and its associated symptoms. IL-1α and IL-1β are 2 distinct cytokines found in the cartilage, synovial membrane, and synovial fluid of patients with osteoarthritis. The aim of these studies was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of ABT-981, a dual variable domain immunoglobulin (DVD-Ig) capable of simultaneously binding IL-1α and IL-1β, in healthy subjects and patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Fifty-six healthy adult subjects were randomized to receive single doses of ABT-981 intravenously (0.3, 1, 3, or 10 mg/kg), subcutaneously (0.3, 1, 3 mg/kg), or matching placebo in a 3:1 ratio. Thirty-six patients with osteoarthritis of the knee were randomized to receive 4 subcutaneous ABT-981 doses of 0.3, 1, or 3 mg/kg administered every 2 weeks, 3 subcutaneous doses of ABT-981 3 mg/kg every 4 weeks, or matching placebo in a 7:2 active:placebo ratio. ABT-981 behaved similarly to conventional monoclonal antibodies following single or multiple doses with mean maximum serum concentrations 2 to 9 days after subcutaneous doses, mean terminal half-lives of 10 to 14 days, and an absolute subcutaneous bioavailability of 46%. Exposure of ABT-981 was approximately linear following single or multiple doses every 2 weeks with monoexponential decline of terminal-phase concentrations. The most common adverse events associated with ABT-981 were diarrhea and headache in healthy subjects and injection site erythema in subjects with osteoarthritis of the knee. Decreased absolute neutrophil counts were observed in response to ABT-981 administration.


ABT-981; interleukin-1α; interleukin-1β; osteoarthritis; pharmacokinetics

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