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Cardiol Clin. 2016 May;34(2):255-68. doi: 10.1016/j.ccl.2015.12.002. Epub 2016 Mar 18.

The Epidemiology of Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke.

Author information

1
Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, Neurological Institute, University of L'Aquila, Via Vetoio, L'Aquila 67100, Italy. Electronic address: francesca.pistoia@univaq.it.
2
Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, Neurological Institute, University of L'Aquila, Via Vetoio, L'Aquila 67100, Italy.

Abstract

The burden of stroke is increasing due to aging population and unhealthy lifestyle habits. The considerable rise in atrial fibrillation (AF) is due to greater diffusion of risk factors and screening programs. The link between AF and ischemic stroke is strong. The subtype most commonly associated with AF is cardioembolic stroke, which is particularly severe and shows the highest rates of mortality and permanent disability. A trend toward a higher prevalence of cardioembolic stroke in high-income countries is probably due to the greater diffusion of AF and the control of atherosclerotic of risk factors.

KEYWORDS:

Atrial fibrillation; Cardioembolic stroke; Cryptogenic stroke; Epidemiology; Stroke

PMID:
27150174
DOI:
10.1016/j.ccl.2015.12.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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