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Int J Cardiol. 2016 Aug 1;216:92-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.04.050. Epub 2016 Apr 22.

Left ventricular remodelling changes without concomitant loss of myocardial fat after long-term dietary intervention.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Electronic address: jonas.andersson@umu.se.
2
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Electronic address: caroline.mellberg@umu.se.
3
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Electronic address: julia.otten@umu.se.
4
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Electronic address: mats.ryberg@umu.se.
5
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Electronic address: daniel.rinnstrom@vll.se.
6
Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address: christel.larsson@gu.se.
7
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Enviromental Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Electronic address: bernt.lindahl@envmed.umu.se.
8
Department of Radiation Sciences, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Radiography and Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. Electronic address: jon.hauksson@vll.se.
9
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Electronic address: bengt.johansson@umu.se.
10
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Electronic address: tommy.g.olsson@umu.se.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Accumulation of myocardial triglycerides (MTG) is associated with impaired left ventricular (LV) remodelling and function in obese and diabetic subjects. The role of MTG accumulation in development of heart failure in this group of patients is unknown. Short-term studies suggest that diets that lead to weight loss could mobilize MTG, with a favourable effect on cardiac remodelling. In a 24-month, randomized, investigator-blinded study, we assessed the effect of two different diets and subsequent weight loss on cardiac function and MTG in postmenopausal women.

METHODS:

Sixty-eight healthy postmenopausal women with body mass index [BMI] ≥27kg/m(2) were randomized to an ad libitum Palaeolithic diet (PD) or a Nordic Nutrition Recommendation (NNR) diet for 24months. Morphology, cardiac function, and MTG levels were measured using magnetic resonance (MR) scanning, including proton spectroscopy at baseline and 6 and 24months.

RESULTS:

Despite mean weight losses of 4.9 (1.0) kg (NNR) and 7.8 (1.1) kg (PD), the MTG content did not change over time (p=0.98 in the NNR and p=0.11 in the PD group at 24months). Reduced left ventricular mass was observed in both diet groups over 24months. Blood pressure was reduced at 6months, but returned to baseline levels at 24months. End diastolic volume, stroke volume, and cardiac output decreased over time. No differences between diet groups were observed.

CONCLUSIONS:

Diet intervention and moderate weight loss over 24months improved LV remodelling but did not alter MTG levels in overweight/obese postmenopausal women.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) imaging; Diet; Metabolic heart disease; Obesity; Weight reduction

PMID:
27149238
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.04.050
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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