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Obes Surg. 2016 Dec;26(12):2873-2879.

Comparison Between Different Intramuscular Vitamin B12 Supplementation Regimes: a Retrospective Matched Cohort Study.

Author information

1
Department of Dietetics, Catharina Hospital, Michelangelolaan 2, P.O. Box 1350, 5602 ZA, Eindhoven, The Netherlands. marieke.smelt@catharinaziekenhuis.nl.
2
Department of Surgery, Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
3
Department of Clinical chemistry - Endocrinology, Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The incidence of vitamin B12 deficiency after bariatric surgery can range from 26 to 70 %. There is no consensus on optimal vitamin B12 supplementation in postbariatric patients. The objective of this study was to compare three different regimes.

METHODS:

In this retrospective matched cohort study, we included 63 patients with methylmalonic acid (MMA) levels ≥300 nmol/L. Group A (n = 21) received 6 intramuscular (im) vitamin B12 injections including a loading dose, group B (n = 21) received 3 im vitamin B12 injections without loading dose and group C (n = 21) received no im vitamin B12 injections.

RESULTS:

The total post-bariatric patient population consisted of 14 males (22.2 %) and 49 women (77.8 %) with a mean current body mass index of 30.6 ± 8.0 kg/m2. There was no significant difference in vitamin B12 and MMA levels between 3 groups at baseline. There was a significant difference in follow-up vitamin B12 levels of group A compared to group B (p = 0.02) and group A compared to group C (p = 0.03). In the follow-up results, there is also a significant decrease in MMA levels of group A compared to group B (p = 0.02), group A compared to group C (p < 0.001), and group B compared to group C (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

In this study, a shorter injection regime is probably not sufficient to treat a vitamin B12 deficiency. An injection regime with 6 injections recovered all vitamin B12 deficiencies biochemically. MMA levels cannot recover spontaneously over time without additional im injection regime.

KEYWORDS:

Bariatric surgery; Postoperative care; Supplementation; Vitamin B12

PMID:
27146501
DOI:
10.1007/s11695-016-2207-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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