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Gen Comp Endocrinol. 1989 May;74(2):199-208.

Detection of unconjugated and conjugated steroids in the ovary, eggs, and haemolymph of the decapod crustacean Nephrops norvegicus.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom.


Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry with selected ion monitoring has been employed to examine extracts from the ovary, eggs, and haemolymph of the marine prawn, Nephrops norvegicus, to demonstrate the presence of steroids. Both free and conjugated steroids were isolated by solvent partitioning and chromatography (lipophilic Sephadex, reversed-phase Sep Pak, and normal phase medium-pressure liquid chromatography) and steroidal conjugates were cleaved enzymatically. Steroids were determined as their methyloxime derivatives, trimethylsilyl (TMS) ethers or methyloxime-TMS ethers. All assignments were based on the detection of characteristic ions and cochromatography with the authentic steroid derivatives. 5 alpha-Dihydrotestosterone, testosterone, pregnenolone, and 20 alpha-hydroxypregn-4-en-3-one were detected in unconjugated form in the ovary. The eggs and haemolymph were found to contain unconjugated 17 beta-estradiol. Conjugated 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone was detected in both the ovary and haemolymph, but no conjugated steroids were found in the eggs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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