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Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2016 May;87(6):1164-72. doi: 10.1002/ccd.26302. Epub 2015 Nov 19.

Echocardiographic determinants of LV functional improvement after transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

Author information

1
Cardiovascular Division, the Hospital of University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
2
Department of Echocardiography, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.
3
Crozer Chester Medical Center, Crozer-Keystone Health System, Upland, Pennsylvania.
4
Cardiovascular Surgery, the Hospital of University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an established therapy in high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis. Among patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), it is unclear which patients will derive maximal benefit from TAVR.

METHODS:

Clinical and echocardiographic data of patients with severe aortic stenosis and low LVEF (≤50%) who underwent TAVR at a single institution during 2009-2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into 2 groups post-TAVR based on improved LV function (Group A = ΔLVEF ≥ 10%) versus persistent LV dysfunction (Group B = ΔLVEF<10%). Echocardiographic parameters were assessed for their association with LVEF change post-TAVR. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to generate survival estimates.

RESULTS:

Of 382 patients who underwent TAVR, 60 patients had low LVEF, LV function failed to improve ≥10% in 50% of patients following the procedure (Group B). At baseline echocardiograms, Group B had higher LVEF, stroke volume (SV), SV index; and lower E, E/E', and estimated pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (PASP) compared to Group A. Higher mortality was found in Group B compared to the Group A (p = 0.003) with a significantly shorter survival (Group A = 3.3 ± 0.1 years vs Group B = 2.7 ± 0.2 years, p = 0.003). One-year event free survival was 53.3% in Group B compared to 93.3% in Group A, with a stable trend over ensuing years (5-year survival; 53.3% versus 90.0%, p = 0.003).

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients undergoing TAVR with depressed LV function, those who failed to improve were more likely to have relatively higher LVEF, SV, and SVI; and lower E, E/E', and PASP at baseline. Mortality rates were found to be higher in persistent LV dysfunction group. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

KEYWORDS:

echocardiography; left ventricular function; survival post-TAVR; transcatheter aortic valve replacement

PMID:
27145743
DOI:
10.1002/ccd.26302
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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