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Blood Rev. 2016 Sep;30(5):357-68. doi: 10.1016/j.blre.2016.04.004. Epub 2016 Apr 29.

Blood flow and mass transfer regulation of coagulation.

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Chemical and Biological Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA.
Chemical and Biological Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA; Pediatrics, University of Colorado-Denver, Aurora, CO, USA. Electronic address:


Blood flow regulates coagulation and fibrin formation by controlling the transport, or mass transfer, of zymogens, co-factors, enzymes, and inhibitors to, from, and within a growing thrombus. The rate of mass transfer of these solutes relative to their consumption or production by coagulation reactions determines, in part, the rate of thrombin generation, fibrin deposition, and thrombi growth. Experimental studies on the influence of blood flow on specific coagulation reactions are reviewed here, along with a theoretical framework that predicts how flow influences surface-bound coagulation binding and enzymatic reactions. These flow-mediated transport mechanisms are also used to interpret the role of binding site densities and injury size on initiating coagulation and fibrin deposition. The importance of transport of coagulation proteins within the interstitial spaces of thrombi is shown to influence thrombi architecture, growth, and arrest.


Biotransport; Coagulation; Hemorheology

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