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J Dairy Sci. 2016 Jul;99(7):5230-5243. doi: 10.3168/jds.2016-10914. Epub 2016 May 4.

A process efficiency assessment of serum protein removal from milk using ceramic graded permeability microfiltration membrane.

Author information

1
STELA Dairy Research Center, Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), Department of Food Sciences, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada, G1V 0A6.
2
STELA Dairy Research Center, Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), Department of Food Sciences, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada, G1V 0A6; Food Research and Development Centre (FRDC), Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, St-Hyacinthe, QC, Canada, J2S 8E3.
3
STELA Dairy Research Center, Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), Department of Food Sciences, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada, G1V 0A6. Electronic address: yves.pouliot@fsaa.ulaval.ca.

Abstract

Microfiltration (MF) is a well-known process that can be used in the dairy industry to separate caseins from serum proteins (SP) in skim milk using membranes with a pore diameter of 0.1μm. Graded permeability ceramic membranes have been studied widely as means of improving milk fractionation by overcoming problems encountered with other MF membranes. The ideal operating parameters for process efficiency in terms of membrane selectivity, permeate flux, casein loss, SP transmission, energy consumption, and dilution with water remain to be determined for this membrane. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of transmembrane pressure (TMP), volumetric concentration factor (VCF), and diafiltration on overall process efficiency. Skim milk was processed using a pilot-scale MF system equipped with 0.72-m(2) graded permeability membranes with a pore size of 0.1μm. In the first experiment, in full recycle mode, TMP was set at 124, 152, 179, or 207 kPa by adjusting the permeate pressure at the outlet. Whereas TMP had no significant effect on permeate and retentate composition, 152 kPa was found to be optimal for SP removal during concentration and concentration or diafiltration experiments. When VCF was increased to 3×, SP rejection coefficient increased along with energy consumption and total casein loss, whereas SP removal rate decreased. Diafiltering twice allowed an increase in total SP removal but resulted in a substantial increase in energy consumption and casein loss. It also reduced the SP removal rate by diluting permeate. The membrane surface area required for producing cheese milk by blending whole milk, cream, and MF retentate (at different VCF) was estimated for different cheese milk casein concentrations. For a given casein concentration, the same quantity of permeate and SP would be produced, but less membrane surface area would be needed at a lower retentate VCF. Microfiltration has great potential as a process of adding value to conventional cheesemaking processes, but its cost-effectiveness at a large scale remains to be demonstrated.

KEYWORDS:

energy consumption; graded permeability membrane; mass balance; microfiltration; process efficiency

PMID:
27132105
DOI:
10.3168/jds.2016-10914
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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